OLQM Dress Code
*Non-Catholics are not permitted to receive
*Communicants should be fasting:
- three hours from solid foods and alcohol
- one hour from other liquids
- water may be taken at any time
*Communicants must be in the state of sanctifying grace
(absolved from any mortal sins in confession)
*Communicants must be modestly dressed (see dress code)
*At the traditional Mass, the communicant does not respond "Amen"
111th Naval Construction Battalion in Normandy, France (June, 18th 1944; D-Day + 12)
Lesson 28 from the Baltimore Cathechism
366. What is Holy Communion?
Holy Communion is the receiving of Jesus Christ in the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist.
(a) Just as it is necessary to nourish our bodies with material food, so also it is necessary to nourish our souls with spiritual food. Our Divine Saviour so loved us that He gave us Himself in the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist; He gave us His own body and blood as food for our souls.
(b) It is not necessary that we receive Our Lord’s body and blood under the appearances of both bread and wine. Christ is entirely present under the appearances of bread, and also entirely present under the appearances of wine. Therefore, we receive Him whole and entire under the appearances of bread alone or of wine alone.
(c) In some Eastern Churches the faithful receive Holy Communion under the appearances of both bread and wine. In the Western Church the faithful receive Communion only under the appearances of bread.
Jesus therefore said to them, “Amen, amen I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the son of Man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you. He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has life everlasting and I will raise him up on the last day. For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He who eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, abides in me and I in him. As the living Father has sent me, and as I live because of the Father, so he who eats me, he also shall live because of me. This is the bread that has come down from heaven; not as your fathers ate the manna and died. He who eats this bread shall live forever. (John 6:54-59)
And they continued steadfastly in the teaching of the apostles and in the communion of the breaking of the bread and in the prayers. (Acts 2:42)
And having taken bread, he gave thanks and broke, and gave it to them saying, “This is my body which is being given for you; do this in remembrance of me.” In like manner he took also the cup after the supper saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which shall be shed for you.” (Luke 22:19-20)
367. What is necessary to receive Holy Communion worthily?
To receive Holy Communion worthily it is necessary to be free from mortal sin, to have a right intention, and to obey the Church's laws on the fast required before Holy Communion out of reverence for the body and blood of Our Divine Lord. However, there are some cases in which Holy Communion may be received without fasting.
(a) Venial sin does not make us unworthy of receiving Holy Communion; but it does prevent us from receiving the more abundant graces and blessings which we would otherwise receive from Holy Communion.
For I myself have received from the Lord (what I also delivered to you), that the Lord Jesus, on the night in which he was betrayed, took bread, and giving thanks broke, and said, “This is my body which shall be given up for you; do this in remembrance of me.” In like manner also the cup, after he had supped, saying, “This is the new covenant in my blood; do this as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as you shall eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord, until he comes.” Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks the cup of the Lord unworthily, will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of that bread and drink of the cup; for he who eats and drinks unworthily, without distinguishing the body eats and drinks judgment to himself. This is why many among you are infirm and weak, and many sleep. But if we judged ourselves, we should not thus be judged. But when we are judged, we are being chastised by the Lord that we may not be condemned by this world. Wherefore, my brethren, when you come together and eat, wait for one another. If anyone is hungry, let him eat at home lest you come together unto judgment. The rest I shall set in order when I come. (I Corinthians 11:23-34)
368. Does he who knowingly receives Holy Communion in mortal sin receive the body and blood of Christ and His graces?
He who knowingly receives Holy Communion in mortal sin receives the body and blood of Christ; but he does not receive His graces and he commits a grave sin of sacrilege.
(a) To receive Holy Communion unworthily is a serious abuse of the sacred body and blood of the Lord, and therefore a sacrilege.
See Scripture, question 367.
369. What should we do to receive more abundantly the graces of Holy Communion?
To receive more abundantly the graces of Holy Communion we should strive to be most fervent and to free ourselves from deliberate venial sin.
370. Does the Church now command us to fast from midnight before Holy Communion?
The Church does not now command us to fast from midnight before Holy Communion, as it did formerly. The laws enacted by Pope Pius XII now regulate this matter by the number of hours we must fast.
(a) For many centuries the Church commanded a strict fast from midnight before one could receive Holy Communion. However, in 1953 Pope Pius XII introduced a much more lenient form of fasting before Holy Communion, and in 1957 the same Pope granted greater concessions, in order to give Catholics an opportunity to receive Holy Communion more frequently.
(b) Pope Pius XII also allowed the celebration of afternoon and evening Masses every day, when the spiritual good of a considerable number of the faithful requires it. It is the right of the bishop of each diocese to decide when such Masses may be offered in his diocese.
371. When may Holy Communion be received without fasting?
Holy Communion may be received without fasting when one is in danger of death, or when it is necessary to save the Blessed Sacrament from insult or injury.
(a) Ordinarily the danger of death comes from sickness or injury. But it is not necessary that a person be in danger of death from sickness in order to receive Holy Communion without fasting. The danger of death may come from some other cause. A soldier, for example, who is about to go into battle or a person about to be executed may receive Holy Communion without fasting.
372. What are the laws enacted by Pope Pius XII regarding the fast required before Holy Communion?
The laws enacted by Pope Pius XII regarding the fast required before Holy Communion are the following:
The laws of fast apply to persons between the ages of twenty-one and fifty-nine. On a fast day, one may eat only one full meal and two light meatless meals, which together would not equal the main meal. Meat may be taken only at the principal meal, except on days of complete abstinence. Liquids such as water, milk, and fruit juices may be taken between meals.
The laws of abstinence apply to everyone seven years of age and over. On a day of complete abstinence no meat, meat gravy, or soup made from meat may be taken. On a day of partial abstinence meat may be taken once.abstinence meat may be taken once.
All the days of Lent up till noon on Holy Saturday; the Ember Days; and the Vigils of Pentecost, the Immaculate Conception, Christmas, and All Saints.
Every Friday of the year, Ash Wednesday, Holy Saturday (until noon), the Vigils of All Saints, the Immaculate Conception, and Christmas.
Ember Wednesdays and Saturdays and the Vigil of Pentecost.
In many places in the United States before Vatican II, it was customary to dispense from the fast on St. Patrick's Day (March 17) and from abstinence on the Friday following Thanksgiving.
Once a month a Requiem Low Mass is offered for the Faithful departed enrolled in the OLQM Purgatorial Society.
The Holy Week Book
by Rev. Fernand Cabrol