LENTEN OBSERVANCE 2018
"And he that taketh not up his cross,
and followeth me, is not worthy of me."
Only one full meal may be taken. Two other light meatless meals may be taken, but which together do not constitute the quantity of a full meal.
On Friday no meat may be taken at all.
No solid food may be eaten between meals.
According to the traditional law, those who have achieved their 21st birthday are bound, and those who have achieved their 59th birthday are no longer bound. All, from seven years on up, are bound to the abstinence (partial or full, depending on the day) on the Ember Days of Lent.
There is no fasting on Sundays, or on St. Patrick’s Day. The fast ends at 12:00 noon on Holy Saturday.
The two light meatless meals, sufficient to maintain strength, may be taken according to each one’s needs; together they may not equal another full meal.
Eating between meals is forbidden. Liquids, including milk and fruit juices, are allowed. Malted milk and milk shakes are forbidden. Ordinary chocolate milk, however, is permitted. The use of egg and milk foods is permitted on all days of both fast and abstinence. Alcoholic drinks are permitted. In order that a drink may not be injurious, a small quantity of food may be taken with it (e.g., two small cookies with a cup of coffee).
When health or the ability to work would be seriously affected, the law does not oblige. One who is not obliged to fast may eat meat as often as he wills on days when fasting alone is prescribed.
In Lent, there is a special law of abstinence, apart from that of the fast, on the following days: Ash Wednesday, the Ember Days, and Fridays. This law of abstinence applies to all from age seven until death.
To interrupt the principal meal for more than a half an hour without reason would be a venial sin; should the interruption last more than one hour — without reason — it would constitute a mortal sin.
In determining the amount which one may take at the light meals, the following things must be considered: a person’s physical constitution, the kind of work he does, the length of the fast, and the severity of the climate. In general, a person may eat enough to enable him to do his work well and to continue the fast without considerable detriment to himself.
If one — deliberately or by mistake — has eaten two full meals on a fast day, one can no longer observe the fast and therefore may eat to satiety again.
Soup with meat stocks or gravies made from meat are forbidden whenever one must abstain from meat. (In restaurants, always ask if the soup has a meat stock).
He who has once eaten meat on a day of abstinence may still observe the law, and is therefore not free to eat meat again that day. On a day, however, on which only the fast obliges, the eating of meat outside of the main meal constitutes a break in the fast, and therefore one would be free to eat meat again for the rest of the day, even if the violation was deliberate.
The laws of fast and abstinence have been always binding under grave sin. However they do admit of slight violations, which are only venial. It would not be mortally sinful to eat, for example, two ounces of food outside of the meal times. More than four ounces (total during the day) would constitute grave matter. Two ounces of meat would constitute a grave violation of the abstinence law.
Reasons excusing from the law of fasting: (1) Those who are ill or convalescent persons in delicate health; (2) those subject to significant headaches or lack of sleep from fasting; (3) pregnant and nursing women; (4) the poor, if they lack enough to eat at one time to satisfy their hunger; (5) people who do manual labor, e.g., farmers, millworkers, stone masons, etc., provided that they actually work a great part of the day; (6) professors, teachers, students, preachers, confessors, physicians, judges, lawyers, etc., are excused if fasting would hinder them in their work; (7) those who must make a strenuous journey on foot or by car. Traveling by train or airplane does not excuse, unless it becomes impossible to observe the normal order of meals, e.g., on a long flight or series of flights. One may not undertake manual labor purely in order to avoid the law of fast.
Other counseled practices in Lent: To attend Mass daily, to receive Holy Communion often, to take part frequently in exercises of piety, to give generously to the works of religion and charity, to perform acts of kindness towards the sick, the aged, and the poor, and to practice voluntary self-denial with regard to alcoholic drink and worldly amusements, to pray more fervently.
Public festivities during Lent (and Advent) are forbidden by the law of custom. In determining the sinfulness of these one must consider the time (e.g., Good Friday), the kind of entertainment, the opinions of conscientious Catholics, and the possibility of scandal.
By custom in the United States, there is no fast or abstinence on St. Patrick’s Day, and parties would be permitted on this day.
* * * * * * * * * * * *
OLQM Dress Code
*Non-Catholics are not permitted to receive
*Communicants should be fasting:
- three hours from solid foods and alcohol
- one hour from other liquids
- water may be taken at any time
*Communicants must be in the state of sanctifying grace
(absolved from any mortal sins in confession)
*Communicants must be modestly dressed (see dress code)
*At the traditional Mass, the communicant does not respond "Amen"
111th Naval Construction Battalion in Normandy, France (June, 18th 1944; D-Day + 12)
Lesson 28 from the Baltimore Cathechism
366. What is Holy Communion?
Holy Communion is the receiving of Jesus Christ in the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist.
(a) Just as it is necessary to nourish our bodies with material food, so also it is necessary to nourish our souls with spiritual food. Our Divine Saviour so loved us that He gave us Himself in the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist; He gave us His own body and blood as food for our souls.
(b) It is not necessary that we receive Our Lord’s body and blood under the appearances of both bread and wine. Christ is entirely present under the appearances of bread, and also entirely present under the appearances of wine. Therefore, we receive Him whole and entire under the appearances of bread alone or of wine alone.
(c) In some Eastern Churches the faithful receive Holy Communion under the appearances of both bread and wine. In the Western Church the faithful receive Communion only under the appearances of bread.
Jesus therefore said to them, “Amen, amen I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the son of Man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you. He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has life everlasting and I will raise him up on the last day. For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He who eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, abides in me and I in him. As the living Father has sent me, and as I live because of the Father, so he who eats me, he also shall live because of me. This is the bread that has come down from heaven; not as your fathers ate the manna and died. He who eats this bread shall live forever. (John 6:54-59)
And they continued steadfastly in the teaching of the apostles and in the communion of the breaking of the bread and in the prayers. (Acts 2:42)
And having taken bread, he gave thanks and broke, and gave it to them saying, “This is my body which is being given for you; do this in remembrance of me.” In like manner he took also the cup after the supper saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which shall be shed for you.” (Luke 22:19-20)
367. What is necessary to receive Holy Communion worthily?
To receive Holy Communion worthily it is necessary to be free from mortal sin, to have a right intention, and to obey the Church's laws on the fast required before Holy Communion out of reverence for the body and blood of Our Divine Lord. However, there are some cases in which Holy Communion may be received without fasting.
(a) Venial sin does not make us unworthy of receiving Holy Communion; but it does prevent us from receiving the more abundant graces and blessings which we would otherwise receive from Holy Communion.
For I myself have received from the Lord (what I also delivered to you), that the Lord Jesus, on the night in which he was betrayed, took bread, and giving thanks broke, and said, “This is my body which shall be given up for you; do this in remembrance of me.” In like manner also the cup, after he had supped, saying, “This is the new covenant in my blood; do this as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as you shall eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord, until he comes.” Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks the cup of the Lord unworthily, will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of that bread and drink of the cup; for he who eats and drinks unworthily, without distinguishing the body eats and drinks judgment to himself. This is why many among you are infirm and weak, and many sleep. But if we judged ourselves, we should not thus be judged. But when we are judged, we are being chastised by the Lord that we may not be condemned by this world. Wherefore, my brethren, when you come together and eat, wait for one another. If anyone is hungry, let him eat at home lest you come together unto judgment. The rest I shall set in order when I come. (I Corinthians 11:23-34)
368. Does he who knowingly receives Holy Communion in mortal sin receive the body and blood of Christ and His graces?
He who knowingly receives Holy Communion in mortal sin receives the body and blood of Christ; but he does not receive His graces and he commits a grave sin of sacrilege.
(a) To receive Holy Communion unworthily is a serious abuse of the sacred body and blood of the Lord, and therefore a sacrilege.
See Scripture, question 367.
369. What should we do to receive more abundantly the graces of Holy Communion?
To receive more abundantly the graces of Holy Communion we should strive to be most fervent and to free ourselves from deliberate venial sin.
370. Does the Church now command us to fast from midnight before Holy Communion?
The Church does not now command us to fast from midnight before Holy Communion, as it did formerly. The laws enacted by Pope Pius XII now regulate this matter by the number of hours we must fast.
(a) For many centuries the Church commanded a strict fast from midnight before one could receive Holy Communion. However, in 1953 Pope Pius XII introduced a much more lenient form of fasting before Holy Communion, and in 1957 the same Pope granted greater concessions, in order to give Catholics an opportunity to receive Holy Communion more frequently.
(b) Pope Pius XII also allowed the celebration of afternoon and evening Masses every day, when the spiritual good of a considerable number of the faithful requires it. It is the right of the bishop of each diocese to decide when such Masses may be offered in his diocese.
371. When may Holy Communion be received without fasting?
Holy Communion may be received without fasting when one is in danger of death, or when it is necessary to save the Blessed Sacrament from insult or injury.
(a) Ordinarily the danger of death comes from sickness or injury. But it is not necessary that a person be in danger of death from sickness in order to receive Holy Communion without fasting. The danger of death may come from some other cause. A soldier, for example, who is about to go into battle or a person about to be executed may receive Holy Communion without fasting.
372. What are the laws enacted by Pope Pius XII regarding the fast required before Holy Communion?
The laws enacted by Pope Pius XII regarding the fast required before Holy Communion are the following:
The laws of fast apply to persons between the ages of twenty-one and fifty-nine. On a fast day, one may eat only one full meal and two light meatless meals, which together would not equal the main meal. Meat may be taken only at the principal meal, except on days of complete abstinence. Liquids such as water, milk, and fruit juices may be taken between meals.
The laws of abstinence apply to everyone seven years of age and over. On a day of complete abstinence no meat, meat gravy, or soup made from meat may be taken. On a day of partial abstinence meat may be taken once.abstinence meat may be taken once.
All the days of Lent up till noon on Holy Saturday; the Ember Days; and the Vigils of Pentecost, the Immaculate Conception, Christmas, and All Saints.
Every Friday of the year, Ash Wednesday, Holy Saturday (until noon), the Vigils of All Saints, the Immaculate Conception, and Christmas.
Ember Wednesdays and Saturdays and the Vigil of Pentecost.
In many places in the United States before Vatican II, it was customary to dispense from the fast on St. Patrick's Day (March 17) and from abstinence on the Friday following Thanksgiving.
The Holy Week Book
by Rev. Fernand Cabrol
Once a month a Requiem Low Mass is offered for the Faithful departed enrolled in the OLQM Purgatorial Society.
Knights of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Boys’ Camp 2017
Games Challenge 11
July 17th to 21st
The required Release Form is due by July 2nd. For the Release Form, click on the link at the bottom of this announcement.
To participate, the Release Form MUST be turned in by .
Please click here to print the Boys Camp 2017 Release Form
Please send it back no later than July 2nd, 2017.